AUSTIN, Texas — The KVUE Defenders took a look at how refugees impact Texas and the U.S., examining demographics, the cost of refugee resettlement and the benefits resettlement can provide.
The top countries of origin for refugees who settled in the U.S. last year were the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Myanmar and Ukraine, The Refugee Processing Center records show.
Many of those refugees, nearly 80%, are Christians, including Baptists, Methodists and Pentecostals.
The resettlement process and its cost
The United Nations identifies vulnerable cases to be considered for resettlement. Those cases include at least medical need, children at risk, women or girls at risk and survivors of violence or torture. Countries then decide which refugees to admit for resettlement.
The last report was in 2016. At that time, 27% of refugees who responded got cash welfare of some kind, usually social security income, and 56% got food stamps.
However, a leaked report cited by the Center for Public Integrity shows a lower amount of assistance.
“The study found that 8% of refugees received social security or social security disability benefits compared to 15% of the U.S. population. About 12% of refugees relied on Medicare benefits compared to 15% of the U.S. population. On the other hand, 21% of refugees used SNAP, or food stamps, compared to 15% of the U.S. population. But only about 2.3% of refugees received TANF benefits, or cash aid, close to the same percentage as the U.S. population, generally,” their website stated.
The benefits of resettlement
“While refugees receive initial assistance upon arriving in the United States, they see particularly sharp income increases in subsequent years. While refugees here five years or less have a median household income of roughly $22,000, that figure more than triples in the following decades, growing far faster than other foreign-born groups. By the time a refugee has been in the country at least 25 years, their median household income reaches $67,000 – a full $14,000 more than the median income of U.S. households overall,” the group reported on its website.
The Center for Public Integrity shows that over a 10-year period, refugees and their non-refugee family members ended up contributing more to the government than taking. Collectively, refugees contribute $63 billion.
In Texas, the cost for initial services is split between the State and charities like the Refugee Services of Texas. The Refugee Services of Texas reported these findings:
- Refugees pay more in taxes than they receive in social services.
- Refugees and immigrants contribute to the economy of Texas.
- Refugees integrate after arriving in America.
- Refugees find jobs.
- Refugees contribute meaningfully to our economy as earners and taxpayers.
- While refugees receive initial assistance upon arriving in the U.S., they see sharp income increases in subsequent years.
You can find more information at the following links:
- Office of Refugee Resettlement
- Refugee Arrival Data
- Interactive Data
- Homeland Security Annual Report
- Department of State Report to Congress
- Refugee Processing Center
- Pew Research 2019
- New American Economy breakdown of Texas impact
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