After public denunciations from watchdogs and criticism from President-elect Donald Trump, House Republicans on Tuesday reversed course and dropped plans to gut an independent agency that polices potential ethical wrongdoing by lawmakers.
The controversy over GOP plans to sharply curtail the powers of the Office of Congressional Ethics overshadowed the opening day of Congress, where Republicans control both chambers and soon will welcome a Republican president for the first time in eight years.
The about-face came a day after House Republicans met behind closed doors and moved to rein in the office, approved by Congress in 2008 as an independent arm to investigate lawmakers after scandals sent three lawmakers and high-flying lobbyist Jack Abramoff to prison.
"House Republicans made the right move in eliminating this amendment that should never have seen the light of day," said David Donnelly, president and CEO of Every Voice watchdog group, on Tuesday. "Not one voter went to the polls in November hoping Congress would gut ethics oversight."
The reversal came after Trump took to Twitter to slam the timing of House Republicans' move, saying lawmakers should focus on other priorities.
"With all that Congress has to work on, do they really have to make the weakening of the Independent Ethics Watchdog, as unfair as it may be, their number one act and priority," the incoming president tweeted Tuesday morning.
"Focus on tax reform, healthcare and so many other things of far greater importance! #DTS," he added, using an abbreviation for one of his campaign mantras, "drain the swamp."
With all that Congress has to work on, do they really have to make the weakening of the Independent Ethics Watchdog, as unfair as it— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) January 3, 2017
........may be, their number one act and priority. Focus on tax reform, healthcare and so many other things of far greater importance! #DTS— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) January 3, 2017
The plan to rein in the independent ethics body, known as OCE, was approved by House Republicans on Monday night and had been slated to go to the full House on Tuesday afternoon. The overhaul, crafted by House Judiciary Chairman Rep. Bob Goodlatte, R-Va., would have subjected the watchdog to oversight by the lawmaker-controlled House Ethics Committee and bar OCE from investigating anonymous complaints against House members.
It also sought to bar the ethics agency from reviewing potential criminal acts by members of Congress and instead would have required that it hand over those complaints to the House Ethics Committee or law enforcement.
Democrats and ethics watchdog groups loudly denounced the move made Monday night by House Republicans. The first vote to curtail OCE’s powers also came over the objection of House leaders, including House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis.
Incoming congressman Matt Gaetz, R-Fla., who said he voted against the change Monday night during the closed-door Republican conference, pounded his office desk in exuberance Tuesday morning when he got the text that Republicans were convening to reconsider their actions.
"Never underestimate the power of a Donald Trump tweet,” he said.
Trump's objections to the House Republican action appeared to center more on timing of the move, rather than the substance of the decision to rein in the independent watchdog.
Asked whether Trump wanted House Republicans to strengthen the ethics office, Trump spokesman Sean Spicer told reporters Tuesday morning that “it’s not a question of strengthening or weakening.”
“It's a question of priorities” and Trump’s “belief that with all that this country wants … to have happen, this really shouldn't be the priority," Spicer said. His comments came before House Republicans reversed course.
The brief but intense fight over the ethics office opens a year in which Republicans and Democrats expect to wage big battles over the country's direction.
Democrats said they were prepared to mount opposition to other Republican plans to roll back Obama administration policies, including the 2010 Affordable Care Act.
“Republicans should remember the strength of public outrage they faced in the space of 12 hours as they scheme to do lasting damage to the health and economic security of millions and millions of hard-working families,” House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., said in a statement Tuesday.
The Office of Congressional Ethics has been deeply unpopular with some House members since its inception. Even when the House Ethics Committee takes no action, the OCE has the power to release the findings of its investigations, sometimes forcing House members to deal with embarrassing public disclosures about their conduct.
It has faced resistance from Republicans and Democrats alike. In 2011, for instance, then-congressman Mel Watt, D-N.C., sought unsuccessfully to cut OCE's funding.
Lisa Gilbert of the liberal-leaning Public Citizen watchdog group said more work lies ahead to safeguard the ethics agency. "It’s great that public pressure forced this reversal," she said, "but the readiness of the House (GOP) caucus to pursue this action is a profoundly troubling signal."
Contributing: Ledyard King